As a potential military recruit preparing for your ASVAB or Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, you will be tested on a number of different science topics within the General Science or (GC) section. In this article, I will give you a quick overview of which topics to focus on and what to study within those topics.
The general science section on the ASVAB tests you on the various science topics that you have learned throughout your high school education. This includes biology, chemistry, earth science and even some astronomy.
However, the focus is a lot more heavily on the biology and chemistry section and less on the earth science and astronomy. Your studies should also be divided accordingly.
For the biology section, you will be expected to know various topics within the life sciences. This includes basic topics in biology such as the concept of homeostasis, the structure and function of a cell, and even the different aspects related to the human being including nutrition, and different biological systems for example the circulatory and respiratory system.
Of course you will also be asked to understand the difference between plant and animal cells including their structure and their basic life functions.
Additional biology topics include classification of animals and animal science. This includes humans which are scientifically considered to be animals. You will also be asked to understand topics and concepts related to nutrition such as, “What are the different food groups and what kind of molecules make up these food groups?”
For the chemistry portion, you will be asked questions relating to the periodic table and understanding the structure and function of atoms including how the atoms are classified and related to each other.
You will also be asked to do some mathematical calculations such as converting the different types of temperature measurements, and perhaps balancing a chemical formula or equation as they relate to chemical reactions.
For the earth science section, you will be asked general questions relating to geology, oceanography and even astronomy. Don’t let astronomy scare you. Simply understand what the planets are, what the order is and where they are located in relation to each other.
For the physics section, you will be asked to answer questions related to kinematics and Newtonian mechanics, work energy and perhaps a few simple machines. You may be asked questions relating to fluids, energy, thermodynamics and perhaps even some light and waves.